There has been a lot of discussion about
educating industries about environmental challenges. The Bureau of Indian Standard
(BIS) issues the ECO-MARK as a certification mark for products that are
environmentally friendly and meet the BIS's standards. The scheme was initially
implemented in 1991. It is entirely voluntary and aids in the identification of
environmentally friendly products on the market. Food, medications, chemicals,
electrical goods, paper, lubricating oils, packing materials, and other items are
all covered by the mark. The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change is
in charge of the ECO-MARK scheme.
The ECO-MARK logo, which may be found on products
manufactured all over India, complies with environmental sustainability criteria.
The fundamental requirement for this type of symbol is to improve change across
society. The presence of this logo on items would ensure that sustainable
development is widely distributed across society.
PRODUCTS UNDER ECO-MARK
This design label would be attached to both
consumer and industrial products. This logo would appear on industrially produced
consumables such as lubricants. This label may be on the following products-
Soaps and Detergents
Propellants and Aerosols
Foods Preservatives and Additives
Electrical and Electronics Goods
Food Items (edible oils - including Vanaspati, Tea, and Coffee)
OBJECTIVES OF THE ECO-MARK
The Objective of ECO-MARK is to spread awareness to
reduce the number of emissions in the country. Apart from this, the labeling would
ensure that ecological measures are followed. Ensuring that standards related to
sustainability are maintained is one of the main objectives of securing labeling.
However, for the manufacturer, the following objectives are listed:
BIS would provide additional
incentives to manufacturers who have this type of plan in place for
Reduce the impact on the environment
This certification would also
help to reduce the overall impact of the industry's products. Such
products would contribute to greater environmental sustainability.
Make certain that consumers are accountable
Securing this type of label
on products will ensure that consumers are socially accountable.
Encourage citizens to purchase high-quality goods
Citizens would make an effort
to buy environmentally friendly consumer goods.
Improve the environment's quality
Securing this type of
accreditation would increase the environment's overall quality.
Procedure for ECO-MARK Certification
Compared to other regulatory compliance in India, The
ECO-MARK certification has quite an easy and simple procedure. The process to obtain
the license to use the Eco Mark is as follow:
Submission of Application- First and foremost, the manufacturer must
submit an application to obtain this label for their products. The application
must be completed in the prescribed format and accompanied by payment of the
Preliminary Inspection- The inspection of the premises will be carried
out. One of the primary reasons for conducting inspections is to examine the
various types of facilities and procedures used in the industry.
Sample drawn for Testing- BIS personnel draw samples for factory testing
and independent testing to see if the product meets the specifications'
requirements, including the Eco Mark requirements.
Verification of Test Report- The preliminary inspection (PI) report,
independent test results of samples taken during the PI, and acceptance of the
STI and marking fee schedule are all checked at the appropriate level within the
Grant of License- A license is granted by the BIS authority if all
paperwork is complete and declared good, allowing the unit to use the Bureau's
standard mark for a specified period. The licence is initially granted for one
year, extendable for two years at a time, and is renewed annually based on the
unit's performance in the preceding year.
CRITERIA OF ECO-MARK
While reviewing a product, the following important
environmental considerations are taken into account:
Products made to obtain the label must emit fewer pollutants than other types of
products. This would result in a reduction in CO2 emissions as well as other
types of pollution.
Manufacturing products should be recyclable, renewable, and energy-efficient,
effectively promoting the ideals of sustainable development throughout the
Manufacturing products must contribute less to environmental degradation.
Products that are created and produced must have a lower environmental impact
than other types of products.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR ECO-MARK
The Process of ECO-MARK certification is quite simple.
The following document is required for ECO MARK Certification:
If the industry is a company, then Certificate of Incorporation.
Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association.
Environmental clearance certificate from the concerned State Pollution Control
Formal consent in writing regarding the acceptance of the Scheme of Testing and
Product Details and Catalogue.
Details and Information Obtained from the Lab.
Separate Application for All types of products.
FEES REQUIRED FOR ECO-MARK
The following fees are required to be paid to the
Bureau of Indian Standards for obtaining the Eco-Mark:
Non-refundable Application fee of Rs.500/= per application.
The Testing fee charged by independent laboratories for samples taken prior to
the grant of a license.
Annual license fee at the rate of Rs.500/= per license.
A Renewal Application fee of Rs.300/= per application is charged when the
license is due for renewal.
Marking fee, depending upon the volume of the annual production
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frequently asked questions (FAQ)
The ECO-MARK, also known as the ECO MARK
or the ECO Label, certifies that a product meets the mark's and label's
requirements. The term "ECO" refers to products that are friendly to the
environment. All products that meet the ECO-MARK criteria will bear the
ECO-MARK certification symbol.
An ECO label is a voluntary environmental
performance certificate that is awarded to products and services. These
products and services have to meet specific, identified criteria depending
on the product groups, which reduce overall environmental impact. Use of the
label indicates overall environmental prefer ability within a particular
product category based on life cycle assessment. ECO labeling schemes have
been widely used worldwide since the late 1970's and each country has its
own ECO labeling scheme with logo.
To spread awareness to reduce the amount
of emissions in the country. Apart from this the labeling would ensure that
ecological measures are followed.
No separate labeling requirements have to
be got for all products.
First and foremost the applicant has to
secure the license for affixing the label on the products.
To ensure that standards related to
sustainability are maintained is one of the main importance of securing the
The main authority is the bureau of
Environmentally friendly products are
those that best meet the aims of environmentally responsible management
(i.e., using resources efficiently and minimizing chemical contamination).
ECO products have a lower environmental
impact in comparison to conventional products.
Not necessarily. Some have been
manufactured for less than the cost of conventional products, some for more,
so in general the price should not be substantially different.
In general, products should meet as many
of the following criteria as possible:
Be less polluting &
Maximize the use of
bio?based or recycled materials
Conserve energy and
water & are made from renewable materials
Are compostable, or
Produce fewer polluting
by? products and safety hazards during use and disposal than competing
Life cycle analysis is an important
factor in producing sustainable product. It should be constantly
environmental friendly during its entire life. That is, from the moment the
raw materials are extracted to the moment the final product is disposed of,
there must be no permanent damage to the environment.
Competent bodies across the world play a
central role in the work of the ECO label scheme (http://cercenvis.nic.in/)
and are the first point of contact for applicants. They specifically assess
applications and award the Eco label to products that meet the criteria set
for them. As such, they are responsible for ensuring that the verification
process is carried out in a consistent, neutral and reliable manner by a
party independent from the operator being verified, based on international
or national standards and procedures concerning bodies operating
product? certification schemes.
In India, Central Pollution Control Board
Ministry of Environment and Forest launched the ECO labeling scheme known as
in 1991 for easy identification of environment friendly products.
First you have a look at the different
product groups www.cpcb.nic.in/criteria_ecomark.php which are
currently covered by Eco Mark scheme. Have a look at the associated criteria
document and the application manual for your product group. For a short
overview of the criteria, you can also have a look at the factsheets in this
Producers, manufacturers, importers, and
service providers placing their products and/or services on the market can
all apply for the ECO label.
Logo is an earthen pot. It is because it
uses a renewable resource like earth, does not produce hazardous waste and
consumes little energy in making. Its solid and graceful form represents
both strength and fragility, which also characterizes the eco-system.
The purpose of the ECO label is to make
the consumer's choice in favor of your product easy. This holds true for
business purchasers, as well as shoppers. It makes easy for you to sell your
products. It's not an environmental label for industry by industry. The
scheme involves compliance checks, as well as independent verification, and
is trusted by consumers. In addition, the ECO label adds value to your
business and your products because it enhances reputation, indicates
corporate social responsibility and increases sales.
How do consumers recognize products and services awarded the ECO label?
There are many authentic ECO labeling Schemes run by voluntary and
government organizations. Once approved for an ECO label, the producer can
place the ECO label logo anywhere on the product and packaging.
"Green washing" is the practice of making
an unsubstantiated or misleading claim about the environmental benefits of a
product, service or technology.
With environmental claims on products
being so common, it can be difficult to tell the difference between "green
washing" and reliable claims. ECO labeled products and services can be
trusted because, from production to use and disposal, they have been
assessed to reduce their environmental impact. Scientifically sound criteria
are developed in a transparent way involving scientists, NGOs and
stakeholders to enable consumers to make environmentally responsible
choices. The ECO label is moreover awarded by independent third-party
The ECO label logo is a guarantee to
consumers that the product they are considering for purchase has a lower
environmental impact in comparison to similar products on the market. By
buying such products, consumers are making a commitment to the future of the
environment. This is because products have to follow tough criteria before
they receive the ECO label. By purchasing these products, consumers may also
encourage other producers and retailers to offer ECO labeled products.
Environmental claims can be a powerful
marketing tool. Companies are increasingly using environmental claims in an
attempt to differentiate themselves and their products from the competition.
These claims come in a wide range of forms, including statements about
environmental sustainability, recycling, energy and water efficiency or
impact on animals and the natural environment.
According to a recent survey in July
2013 done by Nielsen, environmental concerns among consumers are
increasingly influencing their behavior at the cash register. Its Global
Survey of Consumer Shopping Behavior "New Wealth New World : How and why we
shop around the Globe" - which surveyed more than 29,000 internet
respondents in 58 countries - shows that one in four UK consumers are
choosing more environmentally-friendly products despite their higher price.
In a related study also from Nielsen 17 months earlier, only 8% said they'd
buy the eco-friendly option even if it was more expensive.