TAC APPROVAL FOR AUTOMOBILE: The Certification that production samples of a design
will get after achieving specified performance standards is known as vehicle type
approval. With the implementation of the India Central Motor Vehicles Rules in 1989,
AIS certification became available (CMVR). The CMVR publishes rules and regulations
relating to vehicle approval, traffic restrictions, and the production and
maintenance of motor vehicles, among other things. The Ministry of Road Transport
and Highways is the responsible body for enforcing emission legislation, including
Type Approval and production Conformity. The MORTH has established a standing
Committee on Emission Legislation implementation, chaired by joint Secretary of
MORTH, to advise the nodal agency on such implementation. TACs are awarded for
products that must meet stringent technical and safety standards.
If the number of base models and variants manufactured/imported is more than one,
and the individual base model and variants are less than 250 in any six-month period
in a year, the testing agencies may select one vehicle from among such models and
variants once a year to conduct such tests.
TAC stands for Type Approval Certificate is a
certificate of conformity given to automotive products.TAC Approval or Type Approval
Certification is given to a product that meets regulatory compliance, technical, and
Homologation Certification is the process of certifying automobiles for
roadworthiness according to the government's criteria for all vehicles manufactured
or imported into the country. The tests guarantee that the vehicle satisfies the
criteria in terms of safety and performance.
ARAI CERTIFICATION/AIS CERTIFICATION
The Government of India has designated ARAI as
one of the primary testing and certification agencies under Rule 126 of the Central
Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989. The Automobile Research Association of India (ARAI),
founded in 1966 by the automotive industry in collaboration with the Indian
government, is the country's largest automotive R&D organization.
The Automotive Research Association of India
(ARAI) provides comprehensive certification and homologation services for a wide
range of automotive vehicles, systems, and components. ARAI also provides assistance
to car manufacturers in the area of export homologation. The international
certification bodies of Singapore, the Netherlands, and Australia have recognized
ARAI for conducting testing in accordance with their standards.
The Automobile Industry Standard, or AIS, is a
technical automotive standard for India. The Central Motor Vehicle Act of 1989
mandated AIS Certification.
PRODUCTS COVERED UNDER TAC CATEGORY
Automotive Electronics, Gasoline Tanks, Safety
Glass, Tires, Seat Belts, Brake Hoses, Lights, Batteries, and Door Locks are
examples of products that fall under this category.
TAC APPROVAL IS APPLICABLE FOR
- A producer of such product or a participant in the production process
- Importers or Dealers who purchase a product from a foreign producer
- A foreign manufacturer has its business in India and is involved in trading
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR TAC APPROVAL
- Application form in the prescribed format
- Compliance report and test results in accordance with the method prescribed.
- In the case of Traders, Authorization letters from the manufacturer appoint him
as the product's trader.
- A sample of the product for testing,
- A technical document including Installation instructions, operating manuals,
and maintenance manuals.
PROCESS FOR TAC APPROVAL
Type Approval Certification process consists of the following steps.
- Submit application - Collect all the above-mentioned documents and
applications from the manufacturer. Review all documents carefully, and after
reviewing, submit an application with the required documents.
- Product testing In India - After collecting and verifying all the
documents, in the next step, product testing is done in India from a recognized
- Factory audit - Auditors from India conduct factory premises inspections
to check whether everything is according to the provided information in the
- Issue of Certificate - If the auditors get a satisfactory report of the
product and manufacturing premises, the certificate will be issued.
- Marking and labeling of the parts - At last, marking and labeling of the
parts is done.
Note: Electromagnetic compatibility tests of automobile electronics can be
carried out at the manufacturer's facilities under specified conditions and do not
need to be carried out separately in India.
The average processing time taken for a grant of
TAC is approximately 1 months for Indian manufacturers and 2 months for the foreign
manufacturer. The rest will depend upon the circumstances. It may vary due to
certain factors like applicant delays in response to queries raised, if any, delay
in conducting inspection or testing of the sample, delay in repayment of dues, etc.